Collect the following data by conducting individual interviews with a representative sample of the main household members responsible for water collection:
RECOMMENDED SURVEY QUESTIONS (Q) AND POSSIBLE ANSWERS (A)
Q1: What are your household’s most commonly used sources of drinking water during this season?
A1: (multiple answers possible)
1) tube well or borehole
2) protected shallow well
3) harvested rainwater
4) piped water / public tap
5) protected spring
6) surface water source (river, stream, pond, puddles, unprotected spring)
7) unprotected/ open shallow well
8) cart with small tank / drum
10) other: ................................
NOTE: Only options 1 - 5 count as “safe water sources”.
Q2: How long does it usually take you to get to the water source, collect the water and bring it back home?
A2 Select one of the following:
1) 30 minutes or less
2) more than 30 minutes
If the data is collected in an area in which there are significant differences in the water availability across different seasons, repeat Q1 and Q2 for the other season(s) as well. For example, if Q1 and Q2 asked about water availability in the rainy season, ask the same questions about water availability in the dry season.
Calculate the number of households that in all seasons, on most of days, access water from safe sources (i.e. answers to Q1 are 1 - 5 only) and for which the collection time is not more than 30 minutes for a roundtrip including queuing. In the context of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), this situation is described as people using “basic drinking water services” (learn more in chapter 2.2 of the document provided at the bottom of this page).
To calculate the indicator's value, divide the number of households using "basic drinking water services" by the total number of surveyed households. Multiply the result by 100 to convert it to a percentage.