1) Use the following two questions to assess whether the respondent is “aged 15 – 49 years and had a live birth in the last 2 years”:
Q: What is your age?
A: specify: ______ / won’t say
Q: In the past two years, did you give birth to a child that was alive when it was born?
A: yes / no / won’t say
2) In late 2016, WHO increased the recommended number of antenatal visits from four to eight (see link below). Since different countries have a different pace of adopting this recommendation (and having capacity to implement it), Tearfund continues to measure the original standard of four visits. If you need to ensure that your data is aligned with the WHO or the local Ministry of Health's official recommendations, you might need to adjust the number of visits accordingly (though it should never be less than four).
3) If you need to know exactly who the respondent visited for antenatal care, you will have to ask about each visit individually (i.e. Who did you see during the first visit? etc.). However, this should be assessed only if you interview mothers of children aged 0 – 12 months who are more likely to remember who they saw.
4) Consider also assessing when the first visit took place by asking: "How many months pregnant were you when you first received antenatal care for the pregnancy with your youngest child?"
5) If you are interested in the gender dimension of accessing antenatal care, consider asking: During the pregnancy with your youngest child, did your partner ever come with you to an antenatal care visit?
6) The indicator is based on UNICEF’s Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS) guidance.