1) Q1 should ask about one specific hazard only – do not include different hazards in the same question. If you need to assess whether people feel less vulnerable to several different hazards, use the following methodology:
- Use Q1 and Q2 to ask about each assessed hazard separately (e.g. if you assess three hazards, ask Q1 three times)
- Decide on how many of the assessed hazards the respondent has to feel less vulnerable to in order to be considered as “reporting to be less vulnerable to the given hazards” (e.g. a minimum of 2 out of 3 hazards)
- Determine the indicator’s value based on assessing the percentage of respondents who feel less vulnerable to the minimum number of hazards as a result of the provided support
Always only include those hazards the project tried to reduce (as a result of them being identified by the target communities, relevant authorities or other stakeholders).
2) Ensure that it is very easy for the respondents to understand what type of hazard the data collectors are asking about (be careful about how Q1 is translated to the survey language). Do not use general terms (e.g. “climate change”) or words that could be understood in many different ways (e.g. if you talk about crops being affected by pests, be specific about what types of crops you are asking about). Pre-test the questions and adjust them based on the data collectors’ feedback.
3) Considering that the indicator is interested in whether people feel less vulnerable after project support was provided, the data for this indicator should be collected during the mid-term or endline survey only (i.e. not during baseline survey).
4) It is recommended that if the respondent says that the project’s assistance was one of the reasons for why s/he feels less vulnerable, the enumerator then asks an additional question: “Can you please tell me which type of project support helped you the most to feel less vulnerable?” This will enable you to identify which of the project activities were perceived as most effective in decreasing people’s vulnerability.